About Country

Indonesia, nation situated off the bank of terrain Southeast Asia in the Indian and Pacific seas. It is an archipelago that lies over the Equator and ranges a separation equal to one-eighth of Earth's perimeter. Its islands can be assembled into the Greater Sunda Islands of Sumatra (Sumatera), Java (Jawa), the southern degree of Borneo (Kalimantan), and Celebes (Sulawesi); the Lesser Sunda Islands (Nusa Tenggara) of Bali and a chain of islands that runs eastbound through Timor; the Moluccas (Maluku) among Celebes and the island of New Guinea; and the western degree of New Guinea (for the most part known as Papua). The capital, Jakarta, is situated close to the north western shore of Java. In the mid-21st century Indonesia was the most crowded nation in Southeast Asia and the fourth most crowded on the planet.

About City

Bali is the most well-known island occasion goal in the Indonesian archipelago. The island is home to an old culture that is known for its warm cordiality. Intriguing sanctuaries and royal residences set against dazzling common settings are a portion of the top attractions. Eating in Bali presents unlimited decisions of neighborhood or remote. After nightfall, acclaimed nightspots spring up offering energizing clubbing and stuffed move floors. Inland, transcending volcanoes and unblemished wildernesses welcome you with bounty to see and do, yet you won't have any desire to avoid the shoreline for long. Appreciate stunning shoreline resorts and extravagance resorts in any in Kuta, Seminyak and Jimbaran where a considerable lot of the best inns and manors are spot on the shoreline. You can likewise locate Bali's energizing surf spots close by. For quiet seascapes and dawns, the eastern shoreline resorts are your best wagers. These incorporate Sanur, Nusa Dua and the remote shoreline of Candidasa. In Bali's more remote and lesser voyaged East Bali and northern locale, you'll locate some world-class jumping spots with quiet bayous. They're home to unblemished coral nurseries abounding with bright marine biodiversity.

Bali and Disaster Management

Indonesia, which is the world's largest island country and located between the Indian and the Pacific Ocean, recurrently faces the hardship of many natural disasters, including earthquakes, tsunamis, and volcanic eruptions because of its geographic location along the Pacific Ring of Fire. Typically, at least one major natural disaster has occurred in Indonesia every month since the 2004 tsunami, including earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions and events caused by climate change. Almost all the disasters of Bali were classified as hydro-meteorological events. Tornadoes were the most common natural disaster followed by and landslides. Landslides caused the most deaths estimated at around 343 people. Indonesia has coped with the challenges of natural disasters for hundreds of years, with recorded earthquakes and volcanic eruptions dating back to the 13th Century. Being said that, Bali is recovering and managing the disasters by its efficient disaster management policy, which aims to reduce risk, increase the resilience of national and local governments, and support communities facing disasters.

History of Research

The Government of Indonesia devotes $300 to $500 million annually on post-disaster reconstruction. Following the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami, the government assigned more than $7 billion for reconstruction in Aceh and Nias and approximately $2 billion following the 2010 Mount Merapi volcanic outburst. In 2016, a 6.4 magnitude earthquake struck off Pidie Jaya district in Sumatra Island, killing at least 90 people and damaging more than 200 houses. That same year, floods and flash floods occurred in the provinces of South, West and Central Kalimantan, Bengkulu, and Gorontalo, flooding 3,550 houses for several days.

The 2004 tsunami was a major turning point for the Government of Indonesia in addressing disaster risk management (DRM). Following the event, the country enacted a law on disaster management in 2007, and the National Disaster Management Agency (BNBP) was established in 2008. Support for DRM has grown, with BNPB’s budget allocation for disaster management increasing 500 percent from 2010 to 2014. Additionally, the new 2015-2019 development plan outlines the country’s disaster management policy, which aims to reduce risk, increase the resilience of national and local governments, and support communities facing disasters.

Since 2013, the Government of Indonesia has made extensive efforts to relocate Mount Sinabung residents from within the volcanic exclusion zone. They have done so through the replication and mainstreaming of REKOMPAK (Community-Based Settlements Rehabilitation and Reconstruction) project. Currently, GFDRR activities helping the Government of Indonesia invest in urban resilience and emergency preparedness. This will be achieved by supporting the preparation of targeted investment strategies and flood risk master plans for reducing and managing flood risk in selected cities; developing the capacity of selected cities to implement DRM investment strategies; and improving preparedness and response planning for dam safety in selected areas.

Disaster Management organizations in Indonesia

Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management

National Disaster Management Agency (BNBP)

REKOMPAK (Community-Based Settlement and Rehabilitation and Reconstruction Program)

GFDRR ( Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery)

R.O.L.E foundation (River, water, land, ecology)

EcoBali

Research opportunities

Research in Indonesia concentrate on themes associated with preparing for, responding to, recuperating from, and mitigating against incidents across the all-hazards spectrum of emergency/disaster management. The area of interest in the field includes the following:

Disaster analysis

Disaster response

Disaster monitoring and mitigation

Emergency preparedness

Health risk and disaster psychology

Multi-hazard risk assessment

Natural hazard management

Socio-monetary issues Vs Disaster

Infrastructure

Because of its topographical location along the Pacific Ring of Fire, Indonesia has suffered from hundreds of natural catastrophes including landslides, wildfires, earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions, floods, extreme storms, tropical cyclones, tornados, dust storms. The root causes of most of the natural disasters can be attributed to the imbalance created in our environment. Disaster Management 2021 is a network providing the “elements” for managing Disaster, Natural Calamities.

The main components of this approach include:

  • Improving the understanding and use of disaster risk information;
  • Enhancing community-driven development;
  • Strengthening urban resilience;
  • Developing disaster risk financing and insurance mechanisms; and
  • Continuing initiatives to strengthen the resilience of school infrastructure.

Disaster Management 2021 2020 also serves to provide an ecological framework for social, economic and environmental health of the world.

Statistics:

The review from the global conservation organization, Climate Change in Indonesia implies that annual rainfall in the world’s fourth most populous nation is already down by 2 to 3 per cent, and the seasons are started changing. The combination of huge population density and high levels of biodiversity, together with a staggering 80,000 kilometers of coastline and 17,500 islands, makes Indonesia one of the most vulnerable countries to the impacts of climate change.

Humankind is faced with more natural calamities, which last longer and generate impact on more people than ten years ago. Climate change, population growth and urbanization are major factors which contributes to an upsurge in both the number and severity of disasters. These extremes occur in all parts of the world, but some regions are impacted more than others. Asia is the most disaster-prone region in the world. The region has tolerated impact of the physical and economic damages of natural disasters. Asia-Pacific nations experience more natural disasters than any other region. Between 2014 and 2017, nations in this region were affected by 55 earthquakes, 217 storms and cyclones, and 236 cases of severe flooding, impacting 650 million people and causing the deaths of 33,000 people.

According to the United Nations’ Global Humanitarian Overview 2019 report, in the period between 2014 and 2017, Floods, earthquakes and cyclones have wreaked havoc across ASEAN countries killing people, wiping out homes, livelihoods and leaving economies in distress. During the last 10 years, according to the Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters, majority of deaths in Asia were caused by earthquakes, Floods have killed 17,442 people while as cyclones were responsible for 13,368 deaths in the region. Asia lost US$15 billion due to natural disasters, according to data released by the Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED). With reference to the data collected by the Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED), human toll from natural disasters in the last 5 years has been staggering. The region remains exposed to more natural disasters and according to the Asian Development Bank, the region’s economic progress will be undermined by the rising number of floods, landslides and other disasters. Floods, severe storms, droughts and other climate-related extremes are responsible for over 90% of global disasters and affect the most people.

In addition, industrialization is driving high concentrations of people to live in badly constructed, crowded cities. Rapid urbanization and inadequate planning make densely populated urban areas more vulnerable, particularly near coastal regions and large rivers. The region also suffers from high rates of environmental degradation. In places, logging and land clearances for farming activity have caused dramatic loss of tree cover, depleting natural protection and increasing the risk of landslides.

Language :   The official language of the Conference is English. All abstract submissions and presentations should be in English.

Bali TIME ZON :   Time zone in Bali (GMT+8)

Climate

Bali is an Indonesian island, found only a couple of degrees south of the equator. It has a tropical atmosphere, hot throughout the entire year, with a blustery season from November to March, and a generally dry season from April to October, when, be that as it may, a few showers can even now happen. In the stormy season, it often rains two or three hours in the first part of the day and two or three hours toward the evening, while in the remainder of the day the sun sparkles for a couple of hours. Temperatures are high and uniform consistently. They are marginally higher from October to March, when the everyday normal is around 27 °C (81 °F), and a piece lower from June to September, when the day by day normal is around 26 °C (79 °F). In the stormy season, there's damp warmth because of high dampness.

Currency

The Indonesian Rupiah is the money of Indonesia. Our money rankings demonstrate that the most well-known Indonesia Rupiah conversion standard is the USD to IDR rate. The money code for Rupiahs is IDR, and the cash image is Rp.

Taxes

There is a wide assortment of duties in Indonesia that organizations, speculators, and people need to consent to. This incorporates corporate personal assessment, singular annual expense, retaining charges, universal duty understandings, esteem included duty (VAT), extravagance products deal charge, traditions and extract, charge concessions, and land and building tax.

In general, a corporate annual expense pace of 25 percent applies in Indonesia. A huge piece of individual annual expense is gathered through retention by employers. Value Added Tax (VAT) includes the exchange of assessable merchandise or the arrangement of assessable administrations in Indonesia. By and large, the VAT rate is 10 percent in Indonesia. In any case, the definite rate might be expanded or diminished to 15 percent or 5 percent as indicated by government regulation. In expansion to VAT, Indonesia has a supposed extravagance merchandise deals charge (LGST), an expense that was presented in the Suharto period and intended to make an all the more just society.